How do we educate, motivate and empower children to become regular savers and investors? Here are 15 simple ways to help educate children about personal finance and managing money:
1. As soon as children can count, introduce them to money. Observation and repetition are two important ways children learn.
2. Communicate with children as they grow about your values concerning money. How to save it, how to make it grow, and most importantly, how to spend it wisely.
3. Help children learn the differences between needs, wants, and wishes. This will prepare them for making good spending decisions in the future.
4. Setting goals is fundamental to learning the value of money and saving. Nearly every toy or other item children ask their parents to buy them can become the object of a goal-setting session. Such goal-setting helps children learn to become responsible for themselves.
5. Introduce children to the value of saving versus spending. Explain and demonstrate the concept of earning interest income on savings. Consider paying interest on money children save at home; children can help calculate the interest and see how fast money accumulates through the power of compound interest. Some parents even offer to match what children save on their own.
Allowance and Spending Decisions
6. When giving children a allowance, give them the money in denominations that encourage saving. If the amount is $5, give them 5-1-dollar coins and encourage that at least one dollar be set aside in savings.
7. Take children to a bank to open their own savings accounts. Beginning the regular savings habit early is one of the keys to savings success.
8. Keeping good records of money saved, invested, or spent is another important skill young people must learn. To make it easy, use 12 envelopes, 1 for each month, with a larger envelope to hold all the envelopes for the year. Establish this system for each child. Encourage children to place receipts from all purchases in the envelopes and keep notes on what they do with their money.
9. Use regular shopping trips as opportunities to teach children the value of money. Going to the grocery store is often a child’s first spending experience. Spending smarter at the grocery store (using coupons, shopping sales, and comparing unit prices) can save more than $1,800 a year for a family of four. When going to other stores, show them how to check for value, quality, reparability, warranty, and other consumer concerns.
10. Allow young people to make spending decisions. Whether good or poor, they will learn from their spending choices. You can then initiate an open discussion of spending pros and cons before more spending takes place. Encourage them to use common sense when buying. This means doing research before making major purchases, waiting for the right time to buy, and using the “spending-by-choice” technique. This technique involves selecting at least three other things the money could be spent on setting aside money for one of the items, and then making a choice of which item to purchase.
11. Show children how to evaluate TV, radio, and print ads for products. Will a product really perform and do what the commercials say? Is a price offered truly a sale price? Are alternative products available that will do a better job, perhaps for less cost, or offer better value?
12. Alert children to the dangers of borrowing and paying interest. If you charge interest on small loans you make to them, they will learn quickly how expensive it is to rent someone else’s money for a specified period of time.
13. When using a credit card at a restaurant, take the opportunity to teach children about how credit cards work. Explain to children how to verify the charges, how to calculate the tip, and how to guard against credit card fraud.
14. Be cautious about making credit cards available to young people. Credit cards have a message: “spend!”.
15. Establish a regular schedule for family discussions about finances. This is especially helpful to younger children–it can be the time when they tote up their savings and receive interest. Other discussion topics should include the difference between cash, cheques and credit cards, wise spending habits, how to avoid the use of credit, and the advantages of saving and investment growth. With teenagers, it’s also useful to discuss what’s happening with the national and local economies, how to economise at home, and alternatives to spending money.
Source: LaTrobe Financial